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高中语文必修一到五必背内容总结【二】
作者:admin 发布于:2019-01-20 11:09 点击量:

高中语文必修一到五必背内容总结【二】
 
 
高中必背古诗文十四篇
 
荀子《劝学》
 
庄子《逍遥游》
 
韩愈《师说》
 
杜牧《阿房宫赋》
 
苏轼《赤壁赋》《诗经·卫风·氓》《离骚》
 
李白《蜀道难》
 
杜甫《登高》
 
白居易《琵琶行》
 
李商隐《锦瑟》
 
李煜《虞美人》(春花秋月何时了)
 
苏轼《念奴娇》(大江东去)
 
辛弃疾《永遇乐》(千古江山)。
 
高中语文背诵技巧有哪些
 
1.理解记忆法
 
要在初步理解的基础上背诵。理解得越深,越容易记忆。背诵课文要尽量运用意义记忆,既加强理解记忆。要反对不求甚解的死读书的学习方法。背诵一篇或一段文章时,首先要通读全文,弄清文章的主旨,然后了解文章的层次,来龙去脉,掌握文章的语言特点,抓住一些起关联作用的词语和句子,通过先分析、后综合,这样背诵起来就快得多了。背诵也要因文而法,如背诵议论文,可以从分析论点、论据、论证入手;背诵记叙文,可以从了解和掌握有关事实、记叙顺序入手。
 
2.快速诵读法
 
背诵是在朗读和默读的基础上熟悉书面材料的结果。在初步理解文章后,要始而反复朗读,继而反复默读。只有熟读,才能加深理解,才能成诵。实践证明,持续性的缓慢阅读,不但费时费力,而且会使记忆信号中断;反之,读熟课文之后,逐步加快阅读速度,则可在大脑皮层形成连贯的信号刺激,从而强化记忆效果,提高背诵速度。
 
3.提纲挈领法
 
古人云:“举一纲而万目张。”文章的“纲”便是文章的脉络,而文章的脉络又体现着作者的写作思路。所以,背诵课文时,一定要根据作者的写作思路和行文顺序顺藤摸瓜,由句到段,由段到篇,前勾后连,上递下接,环环紧扣,连绵不断。这样,不但背得快,而且记得牢。只要我们按照作者的写作思路和行文顺序边读边想,边想边背,背诵也就不太困难了。
 
 
 
 
Fourteen Ancient Poems and Essays must be recited in Senior High School
 
Xunzi's Suggesting Learning
 
Chuang Tzu's "Easy Travel"
 
Han Yu's Shishuo
 
Du Mu's A Fang Gong Fu
 
Su Shi's Chibi Fu, The Book of Songs, Wei Feng, Meng and Li Sao
 
Li Bai's The Difficulty of Shudao
 
Du Fu's Ascending Heights
 
Bai Juyi's Pipa Xing
 
Li Shangyin's Jinse
 
Li Yu's Yu Beauty (When is the Spring Flower, Autumn Moon)
 
Su Shi's Niannujiao (to the east of the Yangtze River)
 
Xin Qiji's Yongyue Yue (a thousand-year-old River and mountain).
 
What are the skills of reciting Chinese in senior high school?
 
1. Understanding Memory
 
To recite on the basis of preliminary understanding. The deeper you understand, the easier you remember. In reciting texts, we should try our best to use meaningful memory to strengthen understanding and memory. We should oppose the learning method of dead reading which does not seek to be understood. When reciting an article or a paragraph, we should first read the whole text, make clear the main idea of the article, then understand the level of the article, the context, the language characteristics of the article, grasp some words and sentences which play an important role in association, and through analysis and synthesis first, recite it much faster. Recitation should also be based on the grammar, such as reciting argumentative papers, starting from the analysis of arguments, arguments and arguments; reciting narrative can start from understanding and mastering the relevant facts and narrative order.
 
2. Quick Recitation
 
Recitation is the result of familiarity with written materials on the basis of reading aloud and silently. After a preliminary understanding of the article, you should read it repeatedly, and then read it silently again and again. Only by proficient reading can we deepen our understanding and recite. Practice has proved that continuous slow reading not only takes time and effort, but also interrupts the memory signal. On the contrary, after reading the text, gradually accelerating the reading speed can form a coherent signal stimulus in the cerebral cortex, thereby strengthening the memory effect and improving the recitation speed.
 
3. Outline Receiving Method
 
The ancients said, "Give an outline and see everything." The "outline" of the article is the context of the article, and the context of the article reflects the author's writing ideas. Therefore, when reciting texts, we must follow the author's writing ideas and sequence, from sentence to paragraph, from paragraph to article, from front to back, from top to bottom, from link to link, continuous. In this way, we can not only recite quickly, but also remember well. As long as we read and think in accordance with the author's writing ideas and sequence, and recite while thinking, it will not be too difficult.
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